COMPANY FORMATION IN INDIA
December 4, 2019
Company is a a legal entity, allowed by legislation, which permits a group of people, as shareholders, to apply to the government for an independent organization to be created, which can then focus on pursuing set objectives, and empowered with legal rights which are usually only reserved for individuals, such as to sue and be sued, own property, hire employees or loan and borrow money.
Incorporation / Formation of company involve a number of steps. We have tried to simplify the procedure to the maximum extent possible.
Minimum Requirement of a Private Company:
- Minimum 2 Shareholders
- Minimum 2 Directors (The directors and shareholders can be same person)
- Minimum Authorised Share Capital shall be Rs. 100,000 (INR One Lac)
- DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) for all the Directors (for applying of DIN)
- DIN (Director Identification Number) for all the Directors
Minimum Requirement of a Public Company:
- Minimum 7 Shareholders
- Minimum 3 Directors (The directors and shareholders can be same person)
- Minimum Authorised Share Capital shall be Rs. 500,000 (INR Five Lac)
- DIN (Director Identification Number) for all the Directors
- DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) for one of the Directors
Brief of procedure / steps to company incorporation:
|Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)
|Obtain a Digital Signature Certificate from authorized DSC issuing authority.
|Obtain Director Identification No. (DIN) [S.153]
|Make Application in Form DIR-3 [Rule 9 of Chapter XI Rules]
|Register DSC in the name of Director on MCA portal
|Apply for Reservation of Name [S.4(4)]
|Application in Form No. INC.1 [Rule 9]. The same shall be reserved for a period of 60 days
|Drafting and Printing of Memorandum and Articles of Asociation
|Filing of INC -7, DIR 12 & INC 22Adoption of Memorandum of Association [S.4(6)]Adoption of Articles of Association [S.5(6)]
|Commencement of business [S.11]
|Mandatory to file Declaration with ROC in Form No. INC.21 [Rule 24]
|Registered Office [S.12]
|A company shall have a registered office within 15 days of Incorporation and it shall file Form No.INC.22 [Rule 25] to verify the same
Step 1: DSC
The basic step to company incorporation is to get DSC made of all directors.
The Information Technology Act, 2000 provides for use of Digital Signatures on the documents submitted in electronic form in order to ensure the security and authenticity of the documents filed electronically. This is the only secure and authentic way that a document can be submitted electronically. As such, all filings done by the companies under MCA21 e-Governance programme are required to be filed with the use of Digital Signatures by the person authorised to sign the documents.
Names of Certification Agency (CA) from where DSC can be acquired are MTNL CA, TCS, IDBRT, SAFESCRYPT (SATYAM), nCODE Solutions, NIC, Central Excise & Customs (Does not issue DSCs to person other than those from the Department), e-Mudhra (3i Infotech Consumer Services Limited).
Step 2: Acquire Director Identification Number
The concept of a Director Identification Number (DIN) has been introduced for the first time with the insertion of Sections 266A to 266G of Companies (Amendment) Act, 2006. As such, all the existing and intending Directors have to obtain DIN within the prescribed time-frame as notified.
INCOME TAX PAN IS MANDATORY, so before applying of DIN a person must have his PAN number. Details on PAN and DIN must be same.
Step by step Process
Step by step process to be followed by the applicant is as under:
As per the revised procedure for DIN Allotment, any person intending to apply for DIN shall have to make an application in eForm DIR 3 and should follow the following procedure:
eForm DIR -3 has to follow the offline eFiling process i.e. the form can be downloaded from MCA 21 portal and thereafter be filled up without internet connection. The connection is required only for validating the form.
Attach the photograph and scanned copy of supporting documents i.e. proof of identity, and proof of residence as per the guidelines. Physical documents are not required to submit at DIN cell.
- In case of Indian nationals, Income-tax PAN is a mandatory requirement for proof of identity.
- In case of foreign nationals, passport is a mandatory requirement for proof of identity.
- Proof of identify enclosed with eForm DIR-3 should also contain the date of birth of the applicant and the same should match the date of birth filled in the application form. In case the proof of identify does not indicate the Date of Birth then additional proof of Date of Birth, duly certified/ attested, should be attached.
Passport, Election (voter identity) card, and Ration card, driving license, electricity bill, telephone bill or aadhaar
All Documents should be verified by CA/CS/CMA.
Name of person proposed to be the directors, address of directors and other details should be correctly filed.
Issue which arises is that details of Directors as given in DIN should match with that which is filled in INC 7 but it is not necessary that the address in address proof as sent for DSC is same in address proof as required in INC 7. So, here is an analysis:
Address Proof as required:
|Aadhaar Card issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India
|Elector’s photo identity card
|Election (voter identity) card
|Passport of the spouse
|Post office passbook having address of the applicant
|Latest property tax assessment order
|Domicile certificate issued by the Government
|Allotment letter of accommodation issued by Central or State Government of not more than three years old
|Property Registration Document
|Copy of following documents of not more than three months oldElectricity BillLandline Telephone or Broadband connection bill
Consumer gas connection card or book or piped gas bill
Bank account statement or as per note 2
Depository account statement
Credit card statement
|Certificate of Address in Original signed by a Member of Parliament or Member of Legislative Assembly or Municipal Councilor or a Gazetted officer, as the case may be (in prescribed format)
|Employer certificate in original (in prescribed format).
So, plan accordingly that address required for each of the forms should be the same in atleast one of document required.
These documents should not be more than 2 months old. In bank statement, passbook print of transactions in last two months is to be attached.
The eForm shall have to be digitally signed and shall be uploaded on MCA21 portal.
Upon upload, Pay the fees for DIR 3 eForm. Only electronic payment of the fees shall be allowed (i.e. Netbanking / Credit Card). No challan payment will be accepted under revised procedure of DIN allotment.
The applicant is required to get himself/herself registered on the MCA21 Portal to obtain login id, which is necessary for payment of the fees. After obtaining the login-id, Login to the MCA21 portal and click on ‘eForm upload’ link available under the ‘eForms’ tab for uploading the eForm DIR 3. eForm DIR -3 will be processed only after the DIN application fee is paid.
Upon upload and successful payment,
- In case Form DIR-3 is signed by a practicing professional and details have not been identified as potential duplicate, Approved DIN shall be generated and if the details have been identified as potential duplicate, Provisional DIN shall be genrated.
- In case Form DIR-3 is signed by an applicant or by the Managing Director/ existing director of the Company in which the applicant is a Director or the Company Secretary in full time employment of the Company, or details have been identified as a potential duplicate, provisional DIN shall be generated.
Processing of e Form DIR 3
In case, DIR-3 gets certified by the professional ( i.e. CA/ CS/ CWA in whole time practice), the DIN will be approved by the system immediately online(in case it is not potential duplicate). In case of signing by any other signatory (i.e. director/ Managing Director/ secretary of the company with which applicant is to be associated), the MCA DIN cell will examine the e Form DIR-3 and same shall be disposed of within one or two days.
After the DIN getting approved, Approval Letter must be downloaded from MCA21.
It may be a person has already DIN number, but it mismatches with the Income Tax PAN. If PAN detail is wrong, correct the details by applying to Income Tax Authorities or if details of DIN is wrong, file DIR -6
Director is required to download and fill up eForm DIR-6 for such changes and follow the same process for uploading the same as mentioned for eForm DIR-3. The requested change is taken into the system on verification of the proof enclosed with the application for change request. In the case of change in applicant’s name, gazette notification is must with form DIR-6. Married women, who are having Id proof with their maiden name, can submit marriage certificate along with application. Verification as per Form DIR-7 of Companies Act 2013 also needs to be attached to Form DIR-6 as it is a mandatory attachment now. All documents are to be verified by the professional.
There is no fees charged for DIR 6. Form is accepted by STP mode if name, father’s name or date of birth is changed, for other cases, potential duplicacy arises and the form is processed by MCA officials.
But, to file DIN -6 for change in DIN particulars, DIFFERENT ADDRESS PROOF IS REQUIRED unlike DIR 3 for application of DIN number.
- Address proofs like bank statements, electricity bill, telephone bill, utility bills etc. shall be attached. In case of Indian director/ designated partner, documents should not be older than 2 months from the date of filing of the eForm.
- In case of foreign director/ designated partner, address proof should not be older than 1 year from the date of filing of the eForm.
- Copy of verification by the director/ designated partner is mandatory to attach if the eForm.
- In case of proofs which are in languages other than Hindi/ English, the proofs should be translated in Hindi / English from professional translator carrying his details (name, signature, address) and seal.
Step 3: Register DSC
Third step is to register DSC of the person authorized to sign E-forms on MCA21 or click on the link http://www.mca.gov.in/DCAPortalWeb/dca/MyMCALogin.do?method=setDefaultProperty&mode=36
Step 4: Apply for Reservation of Name [S.4(4)]
As per section 4(4) of Companies Act, 2013 read with rule 9 of Companies Incorporation Rules, 2014, application is to be made to registrar for reservation of name. 6 names can be proposed after checking its availability at MCA21 and as per guidelines given in the said rules
While applying for a name in the Form INC -1, using Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), the applicant shall be required to verify that:
- he is a promoter (proposed first subscriber to the MoA) and is authorized by the other proposed first subscribers to sign and submit he application.
- He has gone through the provisions of Companies Act, 2013, the Rules there under and prescribed guidelines framed there under in respect of reservation of name, understood the meaning thereof.
- he has used the search facilities available on the portal of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) i.e., www.mca.gov.in/MCA21 for checking the resemblance of the proposed name(s) with the companies and Limited Liability Partnerships (LPs) respectively already registered or the names already approved. He has also used the search facility for checking the resemblances of the proposed names with registered or applied trademarks.
- the proposed name(s) is/are not in violation of the provisions of Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 as amended from time to time;
- the proposed name is not offensive to any section of people, e.g., proposed name does not contain profanity or words or phrases that are generally considered a slur against an ethnic group, religion, gender or heredity (vi) the proposed name(s) is not such that its use by the company will constitute an offence under any law for the time being in force.
- he has complied with al the mandated requirements of the respective Act/regulator, such as IRDA, RBI, SEBI, MCA etc. (applicable only in case proposed name includes words like Insurance, Bank, Stock Exchange, Venture Capital, Asset Management, Nidhi, Mutual Fund, Finance, Investment, Leasing, Hire purchase etc. or any combination thereof)
- to the best of his knowledge and belief, the information given in the application and its attachments is correct and complete, and noting relevant o this form has been suppressed.
- he undertakes to be fully responsible for the consequences, in case the name is subsequently found to be in contravention of Section 4 of the Act, rules made there under and the prescribed guidelines.
Following documents have to be attached to INC – 1:
- Copy of Board resolution of the existing company or foreign holding company as a prof of no objection
- Copy of direction from Central Government, if name is changed due to direction received from the Central Government
- Trademark or authorization to use trade mark, if the name of the company is based on trade mark or application for deed of assignment or a copy of application of registered trademark.
- In case the proposed name contains such word or expression for which the approval of Central Government is required, a copy of Central Government’s approval.
- Proof of relation.
- In principal approval from the concerned regulator wherever is applicable.
- NOC from sole proprietor/ partners/ other associates.
- NOC from existing company ,
- Copy of affidavit in case of proposed name includes phrase ‘Electoral Trust’
- Resolution of unregistered companies in case of Chapter XXI (Part I) companies,
- Order of competent authority.
- NOC as required in Rule 8(4)
Validity of Name approved by ROC: As per section 4(5), maximum time for which name will be available has been prescribed in the law itself under section 4(5). The name will be valid for a period of 60 Days from the date on which the application for Reservation was made.
Where after reservation of name, it is found that name was applied by furnishing wrong or incorrect information, then, –
- if the company has not been incorporated, the reserved name shal be canceled and the person making application shall be liable to a penalty which may extend to one lakh rupees;
- if the company has been incorporated, the Registrar may, after giving the company an opportunity of being heard –
- either direct he company to change its name within a period of three months, after passing an ordinary resolution;
- take action for striking of the name of the company from the register of companies; or
- make a petion for winding up of the company. [Section 4(5)] Rule 8 of The Companies (Incorporation) Rules 2014 contain provisions relating to undesirable names and Rules 9 has provisions relating to reservation of name.
Object of company incorporation should be mentioned carefully as the same should be the first object of memorandum of association; or else eform INC 7 will be rejected on this ground of mis-match.
- The applicant cannot start business or enter into any agreement, contract, etc. in the name of the proposed company until and unless a certificate of registration is issued by the registrar of companies as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the rules made there under.
- BE CAREFUL WHILE GIVING THE DETAILS OF PROPOSED DIRECTORbecause after reservation of name, i.e. while filing INC – 7, details of promoter as given in e-form INC 1 can be changed but details of director cannot be changed. You will have to wait for 60 days, i.e. expiry of the name and have to file e-form INC 1 with new directors as proposed.
Step 5: Drafting and Printing of Memorandum and Articles of Association
After ascertaining name availability from the Registrar of Companies steps should be taken to get the memorandum and articles of association for the proposed company drafted and printed. The memorandum of a company limited by shares shall be in Tables – A in Schedule – I of the Companies Act, 2013.
A public company limited by shares may adopt all or any of the regulations contained in model articles of association registered along with its memorandum of association.
The model articles of a company shall be in Tables – F in Schedule – I of the Companies Act, 2013 as may be applicable to the company. A company may adopt all or any of the regulations contained in the model articles applicable to such company. There is no concept of “other objects” now. Main object can be at maximum 4 (not given in law but practically followed); where first object should be clearly the same as mentioned in eform INC 1.
The memorandum and articles shall be in conformity with the provisions of Section 4 and 5 of the Companies Act 2013.
If the promoters plan to get the securities of the proposed company listed with one or more designated stock exchanges, it is advisable to send the draft of the memorandum and articles of association to those stock exchanges for their scrutiny and suggestion to the effect whether they would like to have certain articles incorporated therein in compliance with the provisions of the Listing Agreements of the stock exchanges.
In subscriber’s page:
Name, Fathers name, Address, Designation and Occupation along with number of Equity shares proposed to be subscribed is to be given.
In Witness Column:
“I witness to subscribers who have subscribed and signed in my presence. Further I have verified their Identity Details for their identification and satisfied myself of their identification particulars as filled in”
Membership No. ………
Occupation: Chartered Accountant
Step 6: Filing of Company Incorporation form – eform INC 7, DIR 12 & INC 22
As per Rule-12 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014, application for incorporation of a private and Public company, with the Registrar, within whose jurisdiction the registered office of the company is proposed to be situated, shall be filed in Form no. INC 7 [Rule 12 to 18] along with Form no. INC.22 for situation of registered office of the Company, (as the case selected in form no. INC 7) and DIR -12.
- Form is required to be filed within 60 days as the name is reserved only for this time period.
- Stamp Duty is payable online as it exceeds Rs. 100/-
- If you have to file INC 22 with INC 7, then:
In point 3(c.) of INC 7, i.e. Whether the address for correspondence will be the address for Registered of the company should be given YES, otherwise NO.
According to Section 7 of the Companies Act, 2013 al document related to incorporation shall be filed be filed before the registrar, in whose jurisdiction registered office of a company is proposed to be situated. A Registrar may have jurisdiction over several states or only a part of a state.
INC 7 is for registering a company. Here details of work to be done by a company, promoter, directors, number of shares to be subscribed, etc is to be filed along with many documents.
As per Rule-16(1) of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014, Particulars of every subscriber to be filed with the Registrar at the time of incorporation:
- Name (including surname or family name) and recent Photograph affixed and scan with MOA and AOA,
- Father’s/Mother’s/ name,
- Date of Birth
- Place of Birth (District and State)
- Educational qualification:
- Income-tax permanent account number:
- Permanent residential address and also Present address (Time since residing at present address and address of previous residence address (es) if stay of present address is less 24 than one year) similarly the office/business addresses.
- E-mail id of Subscriber;
- Phone No. of Subscriber;
- Fax no. of Subscriber (optional)
- Proof of Identity:
For Indian Nationals:
- PAN Card (mandatory) and any one of the following
- Voter’s identity card
- Passport copy
- Driving License copy
- Unique Identification Number (UIN)
For Foreign nationals and Non Resident Indians
- Residential proof such as Bank Statement, Electricity Bill, Telephone / Mobile Bill:
Provided that Bank statement Electricity bill, Telephone or Mobile bill shall not be more than two months old.
- Proof of nationality in case the subscriber is a foreign national.
- If the subscriber is already a Director or Promoter of a Company(s), the particulars relating to:
- Name of Company
- Corporate Identity Number
- Whether Interested as a Director or Promoter
Documents required to be filed:
- Memorandum of Association
Memorandum of Association is the most important document as it defines the objectives of the company. Formation of company in India can not take place without the same. No company can legally undertake activities that are not contained in its Memorandum of Association. The Memorandum of Association contains different clauses, which are given as follows:
(i) The name clause: This clause contains the name of the company with which the company will be known, which has already been approved by the Registrar of Companies. This is considered as the first step towards the Formation of company.
(ii) Registered office clause: This clause contains the name of the state, in which the registered office of the company is proposed to be situated. The exact address of the registered office is not required at this stage but the same must be notified to the Registrar within thirty days of the incorporation of the company. It is also clear that the formation of company in India cannot take place without a valid address.
(iii) Objects clause: This is probably the most important clause of the memorandum regarding formation of company in India. It defines the purpose company is not legally entitled to undertake an activity, which is beyond the objects stated in this clause. The object clause is divided into two sub-clauses, which are:
The main objects: The main objects for which the company is formed are listed in this sub-clause. It must be observed that an act which is either essential or incidental for the attainment of the main objects of the company is deemed to be valid, although it may not have been stated explicitly in the sub-clause.
Other objects: Objects not included in the main objects could be stated in this sub-clause. However, if a company wishes to undertake a business included in this sub-clause, it has to either pass a special resolution or pass an ordinary resolution and get central government’s approval for the same.
(iv) Liability clause: This clause limits the liability of the members to the amount unpaid on the shares owned by them in the Formation of company in India.
For example, if a shareholder has purchased 100 shares of Rs. 10 each and has already paid Rs. 6 per share, his/her liability is limited to the Rs. 4 per share. Thus, even in the worst case, he/she may be called upon to pay Rs. 4,00 only.
(v) Capital clause: This clause specifies the maximum capital which the company will be authorized to raise authorized share capital of the proposed company along with its division into the number of shares having a fixed face value is specified in this clause. For example, the authorized share capital of the company may be Rs. 25 with divided into 2.5 lakh shares of Rs. 10 each. The said company cannot issue share capital in excess of the amount mentioned in this clause. This is also considered as an important step towards the Formation of company in India.
(vi) Association clause: In this clause, the signatories to the Memorandum of Association state their intention to be associated with the company and also give their consent to purchase qualification shares. The Memorandum of Association must be signed by at least seven persons in case of a public company and by two persons in case of a private company during the process of formation of company in India.
- Articles of association
Articles of Association are the rules regarding internal management of a company. These rules are subsidiary to the Memorandum of Association and hence, should not contradict or exceed anything stated in the Memorandum of Association. A public limited company may adopt Table A which is a model set of articles given in the Companies Act. Table A is a document containing rules and regulations for the internal management of a company. If a company adopts Table A, there is no need to prepare separate Articles of Association for the formation of company in India. For companies not adopting Table A, a copy of the Articles of Association, stamped and duly signed by signatories to the Memorandum of Association is required for registration. This is another important aspect of the Formation of company in India.
- Consent of Proposed Directors: Apart from the Memorandum and Articles of Association, a written consent of each person named as a director is required confirming that they agree to act in that capacity and undertake to buy and pay for qualification shares, as mentioned in the Articles of Association.
- Agreement: The agreement, if any, which the company proposes to enter with any individual for appointment as the Managing Director or a whole time Director or Manager is another document which required to be submitted to the Registrar for formation of company in India.
- Declaration in Form No.INC-8by Professionals.
(As per Rule-14 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014, Pursuant to section 7(1) (b) and rule 14 of the Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014:
Require to take a Declaration from Professionals Like: ( CS-CA-CWA), Giving declaration that, all the requirements of Companies Act, 2013 and the rules made there-under relating to registration of the company under the Act and matters precedent or incidental thereto have been complied with. On Stamp Paper, Value of Stamp Paper as per the State stamp Act (State: Where register office of Company will be situated). Instead of Stamp Paper, Stamp Tickets can also be used.
Professional will sign the declaration and will mention Date, Place and Membership No.
Affidavit from each of the subscriber to the Memorandum in Form No.INC-9 as per Rule-15 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014, (an affidavit from each of the subscribers to the memorandum and from persons named as the first directors, if any, in the articles that AFFIDAVIT FROM SUBSCRIBERS AND FIRST DIRECTORS IN INC 9
Declaration is that:
- I have not been convicted of any offence in connection with the promotion, formation or management of any company during the preceding five years; and
- I have not been found guilty of any fraud or misfeasance or of any breach of duty to any company under this Act or any previous company law during the preceding five years; and
- All the documents filed with the Registrar for registration of the company contain information that is correct and complete and true to the best of my knowledge and belief.
INC 9 must be on Stamp Paper, Value of Stamp Paper as per the State stamp Act.
Declaration should be signed, Dated and Place.
- Proof of residential address
- For verification of signature of subscribers [Pursuant to rule 16 (1)(q) of companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014 in form no.INC – 10
- NOCin case there is change in the promoters (first subscribers to Memorandum of Association)
- Proof of Identity(the particulars of name, including surname or family name, residential address, nationality and such other particulars of every subscriber to the memorandum and the particulars of the persons mentioned in the articles as the first directors of the company along with proof of identity, as may be prescribed, and in the case of a subscriber being a body corporate, such particulars as may be prescribed;)
- Entrenched Articlesof Association, if any.
Note: Where the articles contain the provisions for entrenchment, the company shall give notice to the Registrar of such provisions in Form No. INC.7, as the case may be, along with the fee as provided in the Companies (Registration offices and fees) Rules, 2014 at the time of incorporation of the company.
- PAN Card(in case of Indian national)
- Copy of certificate of incorporation of the foreign body corporate and proof of registered office address
- Certified true copy of board resolution/consent by all the partners authorizing to subscribe to MOA
- Optional attachment, if any
Shapatpatra can be sent where signature is made by Director/ Promoter in Hindi.
DIR 12 for giving details of Directors:
As per Rule-17 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014, the particulars of each person mentioned in the articles as first director of the company and his interest in other firms or bodies corporate along with his consent to act as director of the company shall be filed in Form No.DIR-12 along with the fee as provided in the Companies (Registration offices and fees) Rules, 2014. Along with the above details in the Form no.INC.7, Form no.DIR 12 to be filed with the following attachments:
- Declaration by first director in Form INC-9is mandatory to attach in case of a new company.
- Declaration of the appointee Director, in Form DIR-2;
- Interest in other entities of director it is mandatory to attach in case number of entities entered is more than one. Only a declaration can be filed that interest of directors is taken on record by company.
- Optional attachment(s), if any
INC 22 for giving details of Registered Office:
As per Rule 25 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014, verification of registered office shall be filed in Form No.INC.22 along with the fee.
Section 12(2) of the Companies Act, 2013 states that the Company shall furnish to the Registrar verification of its registered office within a period of thirty days of its incorporation in such manner as may be prescribed.
Section 12(4) of the Companies Act, 2013 states that Notice of every change of the situation of the registered office, verified in the manner prescribed, after the date of incorporation of the company, shall be given to the Registrar within fifteen days of the change, who shall record the same.
- Proof of Registered Office address (Conveyance/Lease deed/Rent Agreement along with the rent receipts) etc.; or
(the notarized copy of lease / rent agreement in the name of the company along with a copy of rent paid receipt not older than one month; or the authorization from the owner or authorized occupant of the premises along with proof of ownership or occupancy authorization, to use the premises by the company as its registered office); and
- Copies of the utility bills as mentioned above (not older than two months) (the proof of evidence of any utility service like telephone, gas, electricity, etc. depicting the address of the premises in the name of the owner or document, as the case may be, which is not older than two months)
- List of all the companies (specifying their CIN) having the same registered office address, if any;
- Optional attachment, if any
MOA Registration Fes
|Nominal Share capital
|Other than OPCs and Small Companies
|OPCs and Small Companies
|For every 10, 00 or part thereof
|For every 10, 00 or part thereof
|Up to 1,00,000
|More than 1,00,000 up to 5,00,000
|More than 5,00,000 up to 10,00,000
|More than 10,00,000 up to 50,00,000
|More than 50,00,000 up to 1,00,00,000
|More than 1,00,00,000
On receipt of the aforementioned documents, the office of the Registrar of Companies will scrutinize them and if they are found complete in al respects, the Registrar will register the company and generate a CIN. If the Registrar finds any defect or deficiency in any of the documents or forms, the Registrar will send an electronic communication pointing out he defects and after the deficiencies are removed, the Registrar will register the company.
After the registration of the company, the Registrar will issue under his hand and seal of his office, the Certificate of Incorporation in the name of the company and send it electronically. One may also take printout of the Certificate of Incorporation generated online. The date mentioned by the Registrar in the Certificate of Incorporation shall be the date of incorporation of the company, on which date the company will be considered to have come into existence as a legal entity separate from its subscribers.
The Certificate of Incorporation shall be in From INC – 1 of the Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014.
Now comes the last step.
Step 7: Filing of Commencement of Business – eform INC 21
On registration, a company cannot commence business or exercise any borrowing powers until it files a declaration by directors in Form INC – 21 to the effect hat every subscriber to the memorandum has paid the value of the shares agreed to be taken by them as specified in section 1(1)(a).
E-form INC.21 is required to be filed with concerned Registrar of Companies for obtaining approval for commencement of Business and exercise of borrowing powers. This E-form is required to be filed by all companies incorporated under Companies Act 2013.
Procedure for commencement of Business under Companies Act, 2013
A promoter must pay its subscription money in cash or through bank account for the number of shares as mentioned in eform INC 7 / MOA after which this form will be filed.
Following documents required to be filed as an attachment of form INC.21:
- E-form INC.10 of Specimen Signature, which you would have attached with Form INC 1 at the time of incorporation.
- A declaration on stamp paper of Rs. 20/- signed by the directors. This stamp paper should be in the name of the Company and you may write the following statement on this stamp paper for stamp duty payment related compliance:
“This E- Stamp paper is for E-Form INC.21 (Declaration prior to the commencement of business or exercising borrowing powers) of __________ Private Limited.”
Note: Rs. 20 as stamp duty or as the case may be can be paid online or offline as payment of stamp duty of above Rs. 100 is mandated for taking online route. Name of vendor, serial number of stamp paper and registration number of vendor is mandatory to enter if the amount of stamp duty is more than or equal to Rs 50/-
- Board Resolution stating that Company has received the subscription money in full, which will be deposited into company bank account.
- In case the affairs of the Company is regulated by any sectoral regulator (like RBI in case of NBFI activities), Certificate of Registration issued by the RBI (Only in case of Non-Banking Financial Companies)/ from other regulators must be attached.
- You may also attach Bank Account statement as an optional attachment.
- You may also attach duly certified signed minutes of First Board Meeting of the Company as an optional attachment.
ROC processes the e-form INC.21 filed by the Company if it finds all the necessary attachments and related compliance proper.
Status of the form can be checked at MCA.
After this approval, THE COMPANY IS READY TO RUN & PROSPER.